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创造历史!两位中国选手进入国际公众演讲比赛全球6强!

作者:21世纪英文报 来源:21世纪英文报 公众号
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05-18

中国选手全部晋级!创造历史!



英国时间5月16日,2019IPSC国际公众演讲比赛半决赛结果公布!第24届中国日报社“21世纪·可口可乐杯”全国英语演讲比赛大学组冠军,来自清华大学的陈逸贤和第17届中国日报社“21世纪·VIPKID杯”中学生英语演讲大会高中组亚军范悦航从强敌云集的组别强势出线,晋级到全球前6名,其他4名决赛选手分别来自菲律宾、澳大利亚、西班牙和立陶宛。恭喜所有晋级选手!


总决赛打响之前,一起来看一下两位选手在半决赛的精彩表现吧!


本次比赛依然在ESU历史悠久的Dartmouth House举行~


给咱们中国代表队的座椅早就准备好啦~


接下来就让我们关注一下两位选手的已备演讲环节。本届比赛半决赛已备演讲的主题是A lie has speed, but truth has endurance”


戳视频看陈逸贤半决赛精彩表现


陈逸贤



During the 1960s, the world was terrified of the potential nuclear war. That’s when a Kung-fu Master announced that his Chikung could render him the power to seize an incoming atom bomb bare-handedly. Some authority was immediately interested, and after a scrutiny of his complicated methods, decided to fund him to carry out more researches to defend the nation. The Master used this money to recruit followers and set up training classes across China, and soon nearly half of the population was learning this Chikung stuff. Young and fashionable then, my grandpa was along the list. Crouch down like a toad, take a deep breath, control your chi and move it through your body, and if you learn from the Master long enough, you will be able to release your Chi to move objects without touching them, block yourself from any harmful elements, physical or metaphysical, knives, guns, depressions, diseases, you name it.

 

To my grandpa’s great dismay, his daughter, my mother, laughed at his almighty Chikung, because television had already been popularized around the 80s, and a lot of Masters gradually lost their credibility with their lies being exposed by TV, the Myth buster, and truth unveiled. However fashion evolves into new forms to subject younger generation. Healthcare products on TV commercials become the new fashion. “This pill could dredge blood vessels because it was made of earthworms, which tunnel in soil to improve ventilation for air and water” “this bedsheet is stuffed with 13 traditional Chinese medicines, sleep on it, and it cures” “This phlegm has been stuck in my throat for 20 years, after I drank this tea with secret ingredients, it is gone!” My thrifty mother was spending considerable money in buying these panaceas, along with millions of other middle-aged adults.

 

My generation is living in the information era, and the untested metaphysics of healthcare medicine could not fool me easily. I laughed at my mother’s panaceas. History repeats itself. Something else bothers me recently. As you know, with Alibaba and Tencent, China has the largest online shopping system in the whole world, and half of the sales are promoted by streamline bloggers. My girlfriend is a fan of one such blogger who always casually try out fancy products when streamlining to viewers. She puts on some makeup and, with the help of some shiny special effects and video editing, seems to transform into a different person a thousand times more radiant. “Oh, I couldn’t believe the effects of this little cutie!” Neither do I! But my girlfriend and her besties always end up buying these stuffs enviously. Fashion has every generation in its grip!

 

Why do people make the same mistakes of following fashions blindly and fall for lies so quickly? Admit it, humans are impatient; we are very hasty in seeking for quick solutions to problems and while doing so, we want to take the easiest shortcuts to achieve the best outcomes. My grandpa wants to protect himself from the nuclear bombs, my mother wants to stay healthy, and my girlfriend wants to be as pretty as the bloggers with their special effects on. We just cannot resist a lie ingeniously tailored to our tastes, so there comes the strange phenomenon that even as technology develops day by day, the speed of exposing obsolete lies cannot catch up with the speed of new ones.

 

Fortunately, humans do have one distinct merit. We learn from our mistakes and correct ourselves.  Copernicus’ sun-centered model outlived the earth-centered dogma. The declaration that “all men are created equal” leads to the end of slavery. The age-long struggle of the greatest intellects in the world to shake off false notions and lies has proved that lies may befog people but never endure. My grandpa, ever since he heard that a cancer-curing Chikung Master had died of cancer, stopped doing Chikung in wish for immortality. My mother, after her cure-all bedsheets worn out in less than a month, also began to suspect the honesty of those TV commercials and has chosen to stay healthy by exercise instead of seeking panaceas. My girlfriend, unfortunately, hasn’t snapped out of the streamline shopping craze yet, but I believe she will see through the masks of blogebrities one day, because the spell of lies will be overridden by the endurance of truth, as it always has been.






戳视频看范悦航半决赛精彩表现


范悦航


Ladies and gentlemen, let’s start with a scenario. Let’s suppose that you saw an intriguing statement on Twitter: In the film Avengers 4: Endgame, Captain America dies. What is your first reaction? For most people, it is to share it with their friends instead of finding out the original source of that information. The truth is that, nowadays, it is getting harder and harder to differentiate from true and false.


Quoting the admission statement of MIT, one of the few top innovation institutes in the world, “We are to generate, disseminate and preserve knowledge.” In the light of this statement, lies have overtaken truth on our road of recognition in the first 2 aspects in the age of industrial Internet. And please allow me to tell you why.


First, the responsibility of posting, commenting and sharing has shrunk considerably due to the anonymity of the Internet, which helps the generation of lies. Behind the mask of “free speech”, net users can say anything, to exaggerate, deceive and misuse at will. What’s more, the Internet has made us more reckless, more irrational and subject to the manipulation of emotions. Compared with the time when people write to each other, how many of us review every sentence we typed in our phone while we are chatting? And compared with the well-designed parade calling for civil rights, how easy it is to simply add a hashtag in front of a sentence and start a movement online? Both writing and starting a campaign require careful thinking and discreet composing. But in this age, our actions online are, more often than not, steered by strong emotions, like enthusiasm instead of a clear mind. And the virus of lies find these gaps and use them as the vessels of their own dissemination. Lies are not scary, and not all of them are harmful to this society. But it is the rapid spread of a lie that really horrifies us.


However, let’s look at truth. Truth is defined as something objective or something repeatedly proved right. And when it comes to the online aspect, authority became the key word. For instance, when a bus crash incident occurred in China in February, thousands of net users commented on the the driver’s conditions of fatigue while driving. But when the Department of Transport released the official surveillance video three days later which showed that it was actually a woman who argued with the driver and tried to take control of the wheel that resulted in the tragedy. At that moment, everyone went to silence as instead of comforting souls, they have caused untold suffering to the driver’s relatives. As it requires sophisticated collecting and collaborating of proof, the publishing of truth requires time. And during that time, lies can hurt people.


That’s why truth never wins in speed, nevertheless, always prevails in quality. Another example is during my doing research when preparing for model United Nations on the topic of Venezuelan crisis. News and bloggers tell me that “The crisis of Venezuela is entirely due to the corruption of the political system”, which is an idea that worked out for me so well. But under the guidance of that idea, the conference hall is filled with vague accusations and hollow promises. After that, I did more research and found out that it was really Venezuela’s total reliance on the petroleum sector that caused the havoc. Her economy is too fragile. And all of a sudden, delegates reached common consensus to give humanitarian aid to the nation and helped build infrastructure. So the second reason for truth to endure is its power of stimulating an event to develop for the better. Truth assists us to see the nature of an event and facilitates our understanding and corresponding.


Ladies and gentlemen, the Internet technology does not take sides. But because of its interactive nature, the Internet is an amplifier which will inject power to its contents. And on this platform, lies gave us temporary pleasure and yet truth gave us profound inspirations. Let’s use our energy of innovation to preserve truth and slow down lies by establishing a better environment online. Thank you.





在当天下午的国际赛即席演讲环节,每位选手都有三个选择,分别是一个论点一句名言一个单词,这会产生各种各样的组合,而选手们最终选择的题目也是五花八门:

”Nobody is too old for fairytale"

"Those who do not practice magic will never understand it"

"Purpose"

...

范悦航最终选择了“Tranquility作为自己即席演讲的主题,他选择讲述了生活中的宁静是可以有时间回顾过去,总结生活,并且观察生活中的美,最后以飞矢不动的例子结尾,要在动与静之间找到平衡。

陈逸贤的即席话题则是“Space Exploration is a waste of money”,根据其丰富的天体物理知识,结合自己在清华的导师的老师和宇宙探索的真实故事,逻辑缜密地反对了这一观点。


来看两位选手是如何对这两个话题进行阐述的吧!


Fun facts: 在IPSC比赛进行过程中,不论再精彩的讲演,都是没有掌声雷动的场面的哦~由于三场Heats同时在相邻的房间进行,为了不相互打扰进程,选手演讲完毕后,全体观众将双手举至与耳平齐的位置,并来回晃动,以作为一种“无声鼓掌”~


陈逸贤演讲结束后的“无声鼓掌”


By the way, 怎样的演讲才能在IPSC国际赛中取得高分?怎样才能从50多个国家和地区的精英选手中脱颖而出?小二带你了解一下ESU的官方评判标准。


评委构成


At the IPSC, the adjudication panels for both of the heats are made up of public speaking and debating coaches, university students who have competed in public speaking and debating competitions at school and university level, Government officers, ESU Governors, university professors, experienced lawyers and IPSC alumni (i.e. those who have competed in the IPSC in previous years),

半决赛的评委团由演讲和辩论导师、英国政府官员、ESU主管、大学教授、老牌律师和曾经参加过国际赛的大学生组成。


The adjudication panel for the grand final of the IPSC is made up of accomplished public speakers and communications experts, many of whom use their oratorical and persuasive skills as part of their professional lives (e.g. TV and radio presenters, lawyers etc.).

总决赛的评委团由公众演说家、沟通专家组成,包括职业需要交流技能的如电视台、电台主持人和律师等。



即席演讲评分标准


Expression and Delivery, 35 Marks 

Expression and Delivery focuses on the clarity of communication of a speaker, as well as their ability to obtain and sustain the interest of the audience through their manner of speech and use of language.

Speakers in the IPSC are expected to bear in mind the four principle aims of

public speaking: to persuade, inform inspire and entertain the audience and

adjudicators. These skills are demonstrated through the awareness of the importance of a strong introduction and conclusion the use of a clear and variable speaking voice, and an awareness of the tools of non-verbal communication.

演讲者需要注意表达清晰,抓住听众兴趣并说服、启发甚至娱乐他们。演讲者需要做到强有力的开头结尾,清晰但又多变的声音以及肢体动作有意识的运用。



Reasoning and Evidence (35 Marks) 

Reasoning and evidence places the focus upon the ability of the participant to construct ideas and arguments, supported by logical chains of reasoning and supporting evidence. The speakers' key focus should be on providing analysis explaining why what they are saying is true and why it supports the overall thesis of their speech.

演讲者需要用逻辑链和有力证据来支撑自己的观点,并提供关于他们所言之事为何正确的普适分析。



Organisation and Prioritisation (15 Marks)

Structure is important in that it helps maintain the audience's attention by telling the audience and adjudicators what they can expect to hear, presenting the arguments in order of importance, and providing emphasis

and reiteration of arguments where required. A typical speech would be expected to have an introduction, main content, and a conclusion.

结构对于维持观众注意力非常重要,一个典型的演讲应该有开头,主干和结尾。



Listening and Response (15 Marks)

The ability to justify the arguments made is a key skill in public speaking, and the question period after the speech is designed to test the speaker's knowledge of the surrounding issues, as well as their ability to listen and respond to questions, justifying the position they have. As part of their preparation speakers should have considered alternative points of view to those presented in their speech, and considered how best to respond. Speakers should always listen to the question that is actually asked and avoid giving prepared answers to anticipated questions.

为自己论据辩护的能力在公共演讲中也很重要。提问环节是为了考察演讲者对于问题相关知识的了解、对于问题本身的反应和为自己观点辩护的水平。



半决赛已经结束,选手们对总决赛有怎样的期待?想拿到怎样的名次呢?来看看赛前选手的采访吧!



选手们远赴伦敦不仅仅是参加比赛哦,还要参加主办方组织的各类活动,踏上为期一周的伦敦文化之旅,例如参观莎士比亚环球剧院、大英博物馆,观看音乐剧《阿拉丁》,是不是很羡慕呢?!戳视频来跟着小哥哥们游览伦敦吧!



今年IPSC国际赛最后的总决赛将在英国当地时间5月17日14:00开始,小二也会第一时间为爱英语演讲的小伙伴们送上现场视频和相关报道,下次推送见!


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